Due to the rapid growth of technology, the bulk of corporate procedures is now carried out online, including data sharing, email delivery, and engagement with teams and consumers. Certain firms’ assets and services are available online. As such, hackers and other sorts of cybercriminals are drawn to the valuable and sensitive data held inside the digital sphere. Because data is so valuable, cybercriminals in the digital arena believe it is a paradise. You may feel that your company is secure since it does not make a million dollars, but the fact is that most hackers target smaller businesses because they do not have adequate security processes. It is important to look at how secure your company is now and come up with a plan to make it more secure.

Follow these steps to perform a vulnerability assessment, especially for the log4j vulnerability, using the right tools.

Asset Discovery

It is not always easy to determine what to look at first. A lack of visibility into digital infrastructure and devices is one of the most frequent cyber security issues. The assessment process is critical for the following assets:

  • Mobile devices such as cell phones, laptops, and other electronic devices may be detached and reconnected to the office, staff housing, and other distant places.
  • The devices that comprise the Internet of Things may be linked to mobile networks despite being part of a company’s infrastructure.
  • Cloud service providers make it easy to add new servers, even if you don’t have access to IT expertise.

Everyone aspires to work for a highly organized company, but the reality is considerably more chaotic. It may be difficult to keep track of everything that so many teams upload or update online at the same time. A problem emerges when a person loses sight since it is impossible to defend something that one cannot see. It is feasible to automate the discovery step. To discover cloud-based architecture, certain vulnerability assessment tools establish direct links with cloud service providers.


After taking inventory of everything you own, consider if you have the financial resources to do a risk assessment on everything. In an ideal world, all your systems would be reviewed regularly for their levels of vulnerability. Prioritization can be helpful when a company doesn’t have enough money to cover all its assets since many suppliers charge per asset. Untargeted attacks often focus on internet-facing systems and staff employees’ laptop computers. If you can’t afford anything else, the order should be your priority.

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Scanning for Vulnerabilities

Scanners that seek out system vulnerabilities also present possible remedies for such issues. Because vulnerabilities are often publicized, there is a plethora of knowledge about insecure software. Vulnerability scanners analyze this data and hunt for risky hardware and software inside a company’s infrastructure. The scanner examines devices for open ports, operational services, various software versions, and configuration setting information. Depending on the design, the vulnerability scan might take anywhere from minutes to hours.

Examining and Correcting

A report is generated after the conclusion of a vulnerability scan. Keep the following in mind as you review this report and develop remedial procedures based on the information it contains:

  • Severity. A vulnerability scanner gives severity grades to suspected flaws. Priority should be given to the most critical security flaws, but the remainder should not be overlooked. Hackers often combine vulnerabilities of intermediate severity to carry out attacks. A reliable vulnerability scanner will estimate how long it will take to resolve each problem.
  • Exposure. There are several flaws, but not all of them are disclosed in public venues. Cyber attackers who seek out vulnerable systems at random are more likely to succeed. Fixing system security vulnerability should be a priority. Following that, prioritize staff PCs running potentially susceptible software. The security of your company’s important data storage systems should be your first concern.


The assessment procedure is both time-consuming and never-ending. Because of the lightning-fast speed at which technology advances in the present day and the rising number of cyber attacks conducted against big businesses, assessments like these have become critical to any effective information system security plan.

Because it is critical to prioritize security issues to avert the maximum amount of damage from any cyberattack, the approach places a strong emphasis on previously identified assets and the level of risk associated with each of those assets.

The deployment of a vulnerability assessment program enhances both the cyber security program and your company’s security status, and most systems need these assessments to be hardened.

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